What do Paraty and the capital of Rio de Janeiro have in common?
Both cities from the state of Rio show off their exuberant nature and architecture. Those who were born in Rio de Janeiro are proud of the fact that, since 2012, the capital became the first urban cultural landscape to be declared by UNESCO as a World Heritage.
Paraty’s inhabitants also have reasons to celebrate now. Last Friday (5), the city was recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage, not only because of its historical city center full of colonial edification, but also because of the nature of Ilha Grande Bay, which surrounds Paraty and its neighbors.
Paraty joins the selective list of Mixed Heritage Sites, the one that considers places are recognized by UNESCO due to their natural and cultural signification. Only 38 cities around the world are crowned with this title. In Brazil, Paraty is the only one.
The tough balance between built and natural landscapes, common among both Paraty and Rio, will be discussed during RIO2020, an extensive schedule related to RIO World Capital of Architecture UNESCO-UIA, which includes the 27th World Congress of Architects, taking place between July 19th and July 23rd of next year. The program also includes UNESCO’s World Forum of Cities, happening on July 17th and 18th of 2020.
To sign up for the World Congress of Architects, go to the official website.
ABOUT PARATY Paraty is a city located at the south coast of the state of Rio de Janeiro, with a population of 39.965 people (IBGE/2014). During the colonial period in Brazil, it was where the biggest harbor for gold’s exportation in the country stood, which makes the city an important place for historical preservation. Paraty maintains its architectural charms in a center full of churches, old housing and walls decorated with mysterious masonry symbols. History also emerges by means of the culture and traditions of indigenous, African and “caiçara” (traditional population of the coastal regions of the southeast and south of Brazil) peoples. Another outstanding aspect is the exuberant nature that surrounds the city, with countless beaches, islands, forests and waterfalls that stand out the abundant biodiversity. The area that UNESCO has contemplated includes Serra da Bocaina National Park, Ilha Grande’s Park, Praia do Sul’s Biological Reserve, Cairuçu’s Area of Environmental Protection, Paraty’s Historical Center and Vila Velha’s Hill. The fusion between specific features of material and immaterial patrimony is what gave UNESCO’s title to the city.
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